Fungus kills 20% tur crop in Yavatmal

Nagpur: After cotton and soyabean crop disasters, it’s now tur which has dealt a blow to Yavatmal farmers. Almost 20% of tur crop (pigeon pea) has been destroyed by a fungal assault in Yavatmal district, one of the crucial biggest producers of the commodity in the country, this yr.
The fungus referred to as Fusarium udum is a known weed of tur which is causing wilting of the crop. Not much may also be performed to avoid wasting the crop because the fungus totally chokes water and nutrient channels of the plant.

Farmer Vijay Telange from Mohda village in Kelapur taluka of the district told TOI that the majority tur crop is wilting in the space. Farmers from Pusad taluka are also complaining the same. Treating seeds by applying fungicides can prevent injury to plants. “However, non-public seed corporations are defrauding farmers. The corporations deal with just a sample of all of the seed inventory for inspection and supply untreated seeds to a majority of farmers. This has been happening for years and a chain of businesses is concerned in this,” he stated.

The district has 5.4 lakh hectare agricultural land of which tur has been sowed in 1.5 lakh hectare this yr.

MN Ingole, assistant professor of pathology at Panjabrao Deshmukh Krishi Vidyapeeth (PDKV), told TOI that the organism (fungus) is in most cases found in soil and if tur is steadily grown yr after yr the crop turns into very at risk of the assault. “The fungus enters the plant from soil via roots. But when it reaches the stem it chokes the vascular bundles (water and nutrient sporting tubes) totally. Thus, the provision of water and vitamins from the soil upwards is averted causing wilting,” explained Ingole.

Besides using untreated seeds, the illness additionally comes in tur as farmers grow susceptible types with out being acutely aware of it. Farmers should follow crop rotation trend and grow different plants in the same fields in order that soil quality is maintained. But farmers in the area are so used to taking tur as a major crop along with cotton that they don’t think of any alternative, he stated.

Ingole, record the keep watch over measures, insisted on crop rotation, use of non-susceptible types and seed remedy ahead of sowing. He stated 2.5gm of Vita VX in line with kilogram of seeds should be utilized in remedy. As a bioagent Trichoderma, which too is a fungus, is used for seed remedy. Use of four gm of Trichoderma in line with kg seeds is just right sufficient to prevent the illness. The seed alternative ratio additionally performs the most important role in fighting the illness, he added.

While PDKV scientists explained concerning the illness, they have no knowledge on the actual injury and the areas affected. Information could no longer be substantiated as all agriculture division officials in the district have been busy in a sports activities meet.

With inputs from T O Abraham

Fungus kills 20% tur crop in Yavatmal Fungus kills 20% tur crop in Yavatmal Reviewed by Kailash on December 08, 2018 Rating: 5
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